Bi-weekly Alarm Phone Report 5-18 October 2015
Nella parte ovest del Mediterraneo siamo stati testimoni diretti di come diversi gruppi di persone in viaggio siano state intercettate con la forza e trattenute, di cui un gruppo è stato anche deportato dalla frontiera marocchina alla Mauritania. Nel Mar Egeo, le persone in viaggio ci hanno informato di sei attacchi alle imbarcazioni nelle acque territoriali greche. In tutti questi casi, forze armate ed incappucciate, potenzialmente della guardia costiera greca, hanno colpito le persone in viaggio, tagliato i loro gommoni e rendendo inutilizzabili o rubando i loro motori. In seguito, hanno cercato di respingerli e di lasciarli indietro in acque turche, in serio pericolo di capovolgimento. Anche la ONG per i diritti umani Human Rights Watch ha documentato diversi attacchi di questo tipo alle imbarcazioni nelle ultime due settimane.
Questi attacchi sono stati solo la punta dell’iceberg rispetto alle violenze riportate da altre fonti. Come è stato riportato dal Marocco, nel campo di Boukhalef le forze di polizia marocchine hanno attaccato gli abitanti e distrutto le loro tende. In Spagna, la marina spagnola ha ancora bloccato e respinto un’imbarcazione in difficoltà finchè le autorità marocchine l’hanno intercettata. Dalla Bulgaria è stato riportato che un uomo afghano è stato colpito a morte dalla polizia bulgara al confine durante un controllo.
Malgrado questi atti di violenza inaccettabile, il numero di persone che cercano di attraversare il Mediterraneo è in costante aumento. Con l’avvicinarsi della stagione invernale e il peggioramento delle condizioni del mare, migliaia di persone in viaggio rischiano le loro vite per arrivare sul territorio dell’UE. Nell’ultima settimana, il numero di arrivi in Grecia ha addirittura superato i numeri dei mesi estivi, con più di 10.000 persone al giorno.
In un solo giorno, domenica 18 Ottobre, a mezzogiorno la guardia costiera greca aveva già salvato più di 90 imbarcazioni. Comunque, l’ultima settimana ha visto la morte di almeno 25 persone in viaggio in diversi naufragi nel Mar Egeo, metà di loro erano bambini o neonati.
Testimoniamo tutte queste scene drammatiche e non necessarie della violenza al confine europeo, cosi come l’attuazione della libertà di movimento da parte di migliaia di persone quando, nello stesso momento, i leader europei cercano disperatamente di ristabilire il loro regime di frontiera.
Oltre all’installazione dei famigerati ‘hotspots’ in Grecia e in Italia, l’UE sta anche attirando più direttamente il governo turco nel suo sistema di dissuasione, incoraggiando il presidente turco Erdogan a impedire alle persone in viaggio di atraversare il mar Egeo sulle imbarcazioni.
Sappiamo già da quando il regime europeo dei confini è stato creato, che queste misure non impediscono alle persone di muoversi, ma rendono il movimento degli esseri umani non autorizzato e anche più lento, costoso, pericoloso e mortale. Alla luce di questi sviluppi, chiediamo vie sicure e legali per raggiungere l’Europa e anche un’inchiesta indipendente sugli attacchi violenti e i respingimenti nel Mar Egeo che mettono deliberatamente in pericolo le vite di centinaia di persone in viaggio in cerca di protezione e rifugio in Europa.
Summary of cases
In the past two weeks, the Alarm Phone was alerted to 96 emergency situations in total, 90 of which occurred in the Aegean Sea, 1 in the Central Mediterranean and 5 in the Western Mediterranean Sea. Summaries and links to the individual reports can be found below.
Western Mediterranean Sea
In the afternoon of Thursday the 08th of October 2015 a contact person forwarded the number of a boat in distress in the Western Mediterranean Sea to the Alarm Phone. We talked directly to the travellers at 3pm, 10 people on a rubber boat. In a call to the Spanish maritime rescue organization Salvamento Maritimo we learned that both, the Spanish coastguard and the Moroccan navy were already searching for the boat in distress. At 3.31pm the travellers confirmed to us, that the Moroccan navy had intercepted them (see: http://watchthemed.net/index.php/reports/view/295).
Also on Thursday the 08th of October 2015 the Alarm Phone was informed about more than 120 persons being deported in three buses from the border fence in Ceuta/Spain to the border between Morocco and Mauretania. The Alarm Phone informed its contact persons in Morocco and reported on Twitter about the ongoing deportation. Later we learned that one part of the group was brought to Tiznit and the other to several camps (see: http://watchthemed.net/index.php/reports/view/296).
On Wednesday, the 14th of October 2015, the Alarm Phone was alerted to two cases in the Western Mediterranean. Both boats were intercepted by the Moroccan Navy, but in one case the rescue was delayed for hours, when the Spanish Salvamento Maritimo and the Moroccan Navy were unable to agree on their responsibilities to conduct the rescue operation (see: http://watchthemed.net/index.php/reports/view/312).
On Friday, the 16th of October 2015, the Alarm Phone was alerted to one case in the Western Mediterranean Sea. A man from Morocco called us around 1am and told us that friends of his had left Tangier on Thursday night around 10pm. We alerted Salvamento Maritimo at 2.30am, but at 7am we learned that a Moroccan patrol boat had picked up a boat with 11 persons on board (see: http://watchthemed.net/index.php/reports/view/308).
Central Mediterranean Sea
On Monday the 5th of October 2015 Father Mussie Zerai alerted the Alarm Phone to two boats in distress in the Central Mediterranean Sea. We had direct contact to one of them and eventually the rescue of both boats could be confirmed. On that day, according to the Italian coastguard, several rescue vessels had saved a total of 1830 travellers (see: http://watchthemed.net/index.php/reports/view/294).
On Monday the 5th of October 2015 the Alarm Phone dealt with five situations of distress in the Aegean Sea, near the Greek islands of Chios and Lesvos. While the Greek coastguard rescued one vessel, in one case the Turkish coastguard conducted a rescue operation and in three cases the travellers were able to move on independently
On Tuesday the 6th of October 2015 the Alarm Phone witnessed a violent attack on a boat in distress near the Greek island of Lesvos that was subsequently pushed back into Turkish waters. Beyond that, we dealt with two emergency situations, in which one boat was rescued by the Turkish coastguard and one by the Greeks
On Wednesday the 7th of September 2015 the Alarm Phone was alerted to three boats in distress in the Aegean Sea, near the Greek islands of Lesvos, Chios and on Astypalaia. Again, one boat was attacked by the Greek coastguard near Lesvos and subsequently pushed back into Turkish territorial waters. The travellers reported en detail about these violent acts and the Alarm Phone will forward the details of the case to the Greek ministry to ask for further investigations and to human rights NGOs to follow-up
On Thursday the 8th of October 2015 the Alarm Phone was alerted to five situations of distress in the Aegean Sea, near the Greek island of Lesvos, Samos and Agathonisi. The Greek coastguard rescued two groups of travellers while three other groups were returned to Turkey. Turkish fishermen had rescued one group and another group was rescued by the Turkish coastguard (see: http://watchthemed.net/index.php/reports/view/300).
On Friday the 9th of October 2015 the Alarm Phone dealt with five emergency situations in the Aegean Sea, near the Greek island of Chios, Lesvos and Samos. While one boat arrived on Lesvos independently, the Turkish coastguard rescued one boat and returned the travellers to Turkey. They told us that their engine had been stolen as well. In one case a group of travellers stranded on the Greek island of Samos and in two cases rescue cannot be confirmed because the Alarm Phone could not re-establish contact to the travellers (see: http://watchthemed.net/index.php/reports/view/305).
On Saturday the 10th of October 2015 the Alarm Phone dealt with a total of 9 boats in distress in the Aegean Sea, near the Greek island of Lesvos, Agathonisi, Kos and Samos. In 5 cases the Greek coastguard rescued the travellers and in one case the Turkish coastguard conducted a large rescue operation. One boat reached Greece on its own but in two cases rescue cannot be confirmed by the Alarm Phone, because we lost contact with the travellers (see: http://watchthemed.net/index.php/reports/view/306).
On Sunday the 11th of October 2015 the Alarm Phone dealt with a total of 11 emergency situations in the Aegean Sea, near the Greek island of Farmakonisi, Agathonisi, Lesvos and Samos. In 5 cases the travellers were finally rescued by the Greek coastguard or arrived at Greek islands on their own. The Turkish coastguard rescued 3 boats and one returned to the Turkish coast independently. In two cases we could not confirm the rescue of the boats, as we were not able to re-establish contact to them (see: http://watchthemed.net/index.php/reports/view/311).
On Monday the 12th of October 2015, the Alarm Phone was alerted to two distress cases in the Aegean Sea, close to the Greek islands of Kos and Chios. While the boat near Kos was rescued by the Greek coastguard, it was the Turkish coastguard who conducted a rescue operation with respect to the boat near Chios. More than 150 travellers on board were returned to Turkey (see: http://watchthemed.net/index.php/reports/view/301).
On Tuesday the 13th of October 2015, the Alarm Phone was alerted to nine distress cases in the Aegean Sea, close to the Greek islands of Samos, Lesvos and Chios. Two of the boats had been attacked near Chios by masked men, who broke the engine and left them behind without fuel, a third group had stranded on a small Turkish island and reported as well to have been attacked the night before. As we learned later on, also this attack happened close to the island of Chios, thus in close proximity to the other attacks
On Wednesday the 14th of October 2015, the Alarm Phone was alerted to eight distress cases in the Aegean Sea, close to the Greek islands of Lesvos, Farmakonisi and Chios. In all eight cases the travellers eventually arrived in Greece, either on their own or by the help of the Greek coastguard (see: http://watchthemed.net/index.php/reports/view/303).
On Thursday the 15th of October 2015, the Alarm Phone was alerted to ten distress cases in the Aegean Sea, close to the Greek islands of Kastellorizo, Agathonisi, Levitha, Chios and Samos (see: http://watchthemed.net/index.php/reports/view/307).
On Friday the 16th of October 2015, the Alarm Phone was alerted to two distress cases in the Aegean Sea, near Lesvos and Agathonisi. In one case the travellers reported to us that they had been attacked and that their engine had been taken away (see: http://watchthemed.net/index.php/reports/view/304).
On Saturday the 17th of October 2015 the Alarm Phone was alerted 7 cases of boats in distress in the Aegean Sea, near the Greek islands of Lesvos, Chios and Kastellerizon. Beyond that, one group had stranded on the Greek island of Farmakonisi and was evacuated by Greek authorities. Two boats were able to re-start their engine and to move on independently, while two boats were rescued by the Greek coastguard. In three cases the Turkish coastguard conducted rescue operations and returned the travellers to Turkey
On Sunday the 18th of Ocotber 2015 the Alarm Phone dealt with a total of 10 emergency situations in the Aegean Sea, near the Greek islands of Farmakonisi, Agathonisi, Glaros, Chios and Lesvos. The Greek coastguard rescued 4 boats in distress north of Lesvos and 3 east of Chios. In one case close to Farmakonisi rescue was confirmed to us, but it remained unclear by whom. Beyond that, two groups of travellers had stranded on the islands of Agathonisi and Glaros, but were saved afterwards (see: http://watchthemed.net/index.php/reports/view/310).